Peat moss (Sphagnum spec.) is the vital component of raised bogs. Special characteristics allow peat moss to survive in moore areas:
- It can take up nutrition in extremely low concentrations. Meanwhile it emits hydrogen ions which results in an acid environment which is inconvenient for other plants
- They keep growing indefinitely. While the lower parts die off, the upper ones keep growing.
- It reduces its growth to a minimum during dry periods. If there is enough water, the can store 30 times more than the weight of their dry mass.
The Eggemoors host 15 different species of peat moss.